|

A Brief History of Astrology:

From Star Temples to Sun Signs: A Brief History of Astrology

It’s likely that humans were looking up to the stars in awe and wonder long before they had means to record their observations, predict planetary movements or infer any special meaning to what they saw.

Today astrology is widely popular and is a source of fascination for many. How did we get from ancient humans to modern sun sign horoscopes? How did we get from priests in astronomical star temples to kings and presidents employing personal astrologers? Why was astrology so widespread during the Renaissance period only to fall out of favor in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries?

The history of astrology as we understand it today is long and quite complex, but for the history buffs among us, here’s a quick overview:

Astrology in Pre-history

Amazingly, early humans were tracking lunar cycles as long ago as 4,000 B.C., as we know from animal bones marked with lines and patterns to track the movement of the Moon. We know that our early ancestors would have needed a working knowledge of the path of the seasons so that they could plant and harvest, and we also know that worship of the Sun and Moon in some way was common in pre-history.

By the time great stone megaliths such as Stonehenge were constructed, our ancestors evidently had sophisticated knowledge of astronomy, constellations, astronomical movements and measurements.

Sumerian and Babylonian Astrology in Mesopotamia

In the area we now call Iraq, the ancient Sumerian culture is known to have had a sophisticated understanding of mathematics and astronomy, and this society widely used various forms of divination, interpreting celestial omens all around them.

By around 750 BC, Babylonian astronomer/astrologers had divided the sky into 18 zodiac signs, created the horoscope circle diagram we recognise today and had developed a system for accurately predicting future planetary movements. They later refined the zodiac down to 12 signs or constellations, around 600 BC.

Classical Greek Astrology

The ancient Greeks further developed Babylonian ideas of astrology and astronomy, with both Pythagoras and Plato working on the idea that humans reflected the universe in miniature. We can also thank the ancient Greeks for the four astrological elements, fire, earth, air and water. In classical Greece, astrology was closely linked to medicine and healing, and the four elements were used along with four humours to diagnose and treat ailments.

The modern names for the planets and zodiac signs come to us from Greek mythology. One of the most famous early astrologers was Claudius Ptolemy, whose astrological text Tetrabiblos was widely used until the 17th century and laid down the foundations of astrology we still recognize today.

Ancient Egyptian Astrology

From around 350 BC, the Egyptian people adopted the classical Greek astrological system, but used the names of their own gods and goddesses for the signs. For example, Aries became Amun (who had a ram’s head), and Taurus become Apis (who had a bull’s head). It was the Egyptians who first devised the calendar we would recognize today, with 365 days in the year and twelve months, and they were responsible for assigning the signs to the months and seasons.

Roman Astrology

Many important ideas flowed from ancient Greece to Ancient Rome, and astrology was no exception. However, the Romans had a somewhat love-hate relationship with astrology. Ancient Rome was a highly superstitious place, but sometimes a paranoid one too. Astrology charts were believed to have a magical power of their own and in the heated politics of the Roman era, some emperors feared that astrological knowledge could be used for political ends. Augustus, in 11AD, attempted to crack down on astrology and exiled several prominent astrologers. However, his successor, Tiberius, had his own court astrologer, who was tasked with discovering which prominent politicians had the potential to usurp the Emperor – so that they could be removed. The Emperor Nero considered it treason for anyone else to view his birth chart, a crime punishable by enforced suicide. However, in the second century AD, it was the astrologer Claudius Ptolemy who inadvertently became the father of modern geography via astrology – he was obsessed with increasing the accuracy of astrological charts, for which he needed to have maps created which were much more accurate than before.

Astrology in the Dark Ages

Although astrology was largely forgotten in Europe during the dark ages, the Arab world continued to study and develop astronomy, astrology, mathematics, philosophy and many other disciplines.

Astrology in the Medieval and Renaissance Eras

Between the 11th and 17th centuries, Western astrology saw a great revival in Europe. Every astronomer was also an astrologer; astrology was widely taught and literature from these periods is often full of astrological, constellation and zodiac references.

This was an era during which medical astrology came to the forefront. Indeed, in some universities, as late as the 18th century, one could not qualify as a doctor without first being qualified in astrology. It was during this period that the zodiac signs came to be most strongly associated with particular regions of the body. Bloodletting was done according to Moon phases and signs, and other treatments were considered to be advised or forbidden according to the current planetary positions and movements.

Popes, kings, queens and nobles had personal astrologers and astrologers were widely consulted in the planning of everything from wars to dynastical marriages. It was during the 16th century that the French astrologer Nostradamus made his infamous predictions, while almost exactly one hundred years later, astronomer William Lilly used astrology to correctly predict the Great Fire of London, some 14 years before the event.

Many famous scientists of this period were also astrologers, including Tycho Brahe, Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler.

Astrology in the 17th, 18th and 19th Centuries

With the advancement of the Age of Enlightenment and an increasing focus on new scientific discoveries, astrology fell out of favor in the West during this period. The Catholic church was partly behind this, but there were many factors at play, including the arrival of the industrial revolution and the rapid pace of change in an expanding world.

It was during the 17th century that astrology and astronomy came to be considered as separate disciplines – previously, they had gone hand in hand, with virtually all astrologers being astronomers and vice versa. However, with new discoveries in astronomy and a new emphasis on science, astrology and astronomy gradually parted ways for good.

By the time the 19th century arrived, rationalism was the key philosophical theory, and astrology was largely ridiculed or practiced under cover. Many astrologers worked under pseudonyms or practiced in secret societies.

20th Century Astrology – and into the 21st Century

Astrologer Alan Leo is widely credited with re-popularising Western astrology in the early 20th century, having founded the Astrological Lodge of London in 1917. Throughout the next few decades, astrology became more widely used by those in positions of power.

Elsewhere, astrology slowly began to become more widely used as a psychological or counseling tool rather than as a predictive one. Astrologer RH Naylor boosted astrology’s popularity no end when he wrote an astrological horoscope piece making predictions for the life of Princess Margaret shortly after her birth in 1930. This proved so popular that he was asked by the newspaper to write a regular column. He had to find a way to simplify astrology into something everyday readers could follow, and so he invented the system of Sun sign horoscopes, which were immediately popular.

In 1955, French psychologist Michel Gauquelin published his research into astrology, which found a correlation between sporting prowess and the position of Mars in the birth chart. His work was highly controversial, but it was an important step in modern attempts to ‘prove’ astrology, or to demonstrate the astronomical mechanism by which it might work. Sadly, the scientific community has not been open towards much further serious research.

In the latter part of the 20th century, with newspaper horoscopes well-established and a growing interest in all things ‘new age’ and esoteric, astrology became increasingly popular – today there are few people who could not tell you their Sun sign or their sign of the zodiac, even if they don’t believe in astrology or aren’t really sure what it’s all about.

Today, modern astrology occupies a rather peculiar position in society – hugely popular with the general public, it is nonetheless openly scorned and ridiculed in the scientific and skeptic community. We know that some US presidents and other world leaders have consulted astrologers, and we also know that many very high-profile banking and finance leaders depend heavily upon financial astrology – yet most of them would probably never admit it!

Modern astrologers cannot explain a physical mechanism for how astrology works, simply because we’re not sure there is such a mechanism. Instead, the modern view tends to be that astrology is a psychological tool for self-understanding. Psychological astrology is a symbolic language, a reflection within us of the movements in the sky above us, rather than a direct cause of anything – after all, we all retain free will.

The Spiritual Shift and Astrology

As we move ahead, the earth faces incredible challenges, whether from irresponsible world leadership or devastating environmental damage. Many believe that humankind is on the brink of a major spiritual shift which will enable us to cope with and mitigate these problems, moving humanity forwards towards a brighter future.

What Is an Astrology Report?

What Is an Astrology?

The Myth of Ophiuchus

What Is a Birth Chart?

A Brief History of Astrology

Appreciations

  • ★★★★
    Kelli is awesome at what she does, and I appreciate it so much!!!!!!!
    Rebecca Piasecki
  • ★★★★★
    Wow so perfect and straight forward. I need to know more experience about your astrological experience, hopefully your work is gonna help me.
    Ernest kibi
  • ★★★★★
    Powerful Powerful Powerful
    Malcolm Wallace
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you first of all having daily readings and guidance it has help me so much I've been through a lot in the last 2 years. I had a lot of fears but now when I get my msg it takes away all my fears and makes me feel at peace so I thank you so much. I wouldn't be without you, love and light❤️❤️❤️
    Carolyn Lee Hancock
  • ★★★★★
    Dear Kelli, your predictions have really guided me after a long time interval which I follow and learned a lots of lessons. It's not only thanks to you and appreciating your given efforts for me & others too to change their life.
    Dulal Acharyya
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you Kelli for all your wisdom every day it really helps. Plus the weekly Zoom meeting is always a bonus from wherever I am in the world. Your clarity and ability to hold so many transits in your mind at the same time is seriously awesome 😎 xx
    Valerie-Anne
  • ★★★★★
  • ★★★★★
    I love your site, it is the most accurate one I have ever read especially for a day to day forecast. I recommend this for anyone who loves astrology 💕
    Stephanie
  • ★★★★★
    I’m with Amy! I think we should communicate. Scorpios rule. Reading you is like reading me. Thanks Astrology TV
    Gary Marquard
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you 🙏🏼 so much. I love this and really look forward to reading my horoscope everyday. Blessings 🙏🏼
    Johanan
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli - thank you for many lessons. I am 90 years old now and just learning to accept every day. Life has changes and we have to learn to go with the flow. Give love to all you meet and it is amazing what the universe gives you back. Wish I had learned this fifty year ago. G.J.A.
    gloria
  • ★★★★★
    Never knew how special I was until I met this site, and I really appreciate every bit of education given to me here. I promise to be with you till the end of time 🙏
    Afful Samuel
  • ★★★★
    Thanks for the uplifting support. Keeping me grounded and the warm feeling i’ve felt while reading. And reevaluating the road i’m on, the street i came from and the lane i’m about to turn into. Much love and light Ellen
    Ellen
  • ★★★★★
    I'm a Scorpio & I'm very set in my ways.. But full of True & Honest Love... When I give I give my All!! I've had a Hard Life & Had to Grow Up Fast... I'm a very Organized Person & I Believe everything Happens for A Reason... I Read Your Words Every Morning!! Thank You.. I REALLY Hope My True Sole Mate Finds Me this Year. .. I have spent Last almost 4 years with A Cancer Man who Only was out for himself & to Hurt me & Bring Me Down. .. I'm a Beautiful Lover & Partner. .. I'm So Ready for Change!!!
    Amy
  • ★★★★★
    Best reading and information, right on. 🤗
    Marie
  • ★★★★★
    Thanks!
    laleh
  • ★★★★★
    It has been an inspired journey, and i am so grateful for what i have learnt, i have knowledge now that i never had, it means so much to me. If you knew what i have gone through in life from being four years old, it would be a shock to everyone, even the whole world. Getting to know the universe that i never knew, i feel part of the world now. i cannot thank all you astrologers enough. Thank you so much
    Harold Alan Whitehouse
  • ★★★★★
    Along with my morning coffee, your reading helps my day!
    Judy
  • ★★★★★
    Thanks appreciate it.
    Jose layug jr
  • ★★★★★
    Thank-you Kelli I have been receiving my horoscope from you every day for several years now. I read it in the morning and sets me on the right course...you have steered my away from many mishaps...thank you again ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
    Lesley
  • ★★★★★
    Thanks!
    Beverly Lee
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you for your lovely insight.
    Samiksha
  • ★★★★★
    Never heard this spot-on detail for planets in signs before. Great start to webinar! I’m “in”.
    Phoebe Bennett
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you Kelli this was a first-time for me and I loved❤ it looking forward to another session😻
    SicilyMargolis
  • ★★★★★
    You are a true spiritual teacher. You have given me and others unconditional love. Thank you.
    Mohamadreza
  • ★★★★★
    Its been a great value having contact with this site, I am growing and things are changing. Thanks I am grateful!
    David Sams
  • ★★★★★
    Hello, to both of you and your hard work put this down on everyone's birth records and following the Stars. I know it must be quite a undertaking to follow and you must be really excited every time by a new discovery. I wanted to say thank you. Your dearest friend.
    Gary W.
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you, Miss Kelli. I fell for all that you made possible. I'm really grateful to be gifted too, we're gifted. Keep up the good work and keep your head above water. They can trust you.
    Truce. Temoun. Jamaal
  • ★★★★★
    Sunt farte incantata mesajele voastre ,intodeauna ma regases in ele.
    DOMSA SILVIA SIMONA
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli’s guidance and insights are by far the best. Kelli’s deliverance and teachings are easy to follow understand and give me confidence in my daily routines as well as around the different Lunar cycles. Thank you so much Kelli. You are a God send.
    Sharon
  • ★★★★★
    Thanks dear Kelly Fox!
    Mohamadreza
  • ★★★★
    So far accurate and love that she has somehow found me. This has changed my mindset.
    Makesha Thomas
  • ★★★★
    You have nailed my life perfectly. I can actually see me in every situation you've described, Thank you so much for the heads up.
    Patty
  • ★★★★★
    Last week the Zoom conference meeting on the Sun entering Taurus was really really good. It was refreshing to know more about what to expect and how all the zodiac signs could use this valuable information. This week, the Zoom call will be about the New Moon and Solar Eclipse. This is exciting as I am a fire sign and Solar Eclipses have always been challenging for me.
    Wanda
  • ★★★★★
    5 stars no questions asked!! I ALWAYS look forward to any and all mail I get from Kelli! She stays so in turn with what your soul truly craves at that time & also is never super pushy like a lot of astrologists are! Shes fully invested in putting you on the same page with your souls purpose and I don't know what id do without her!
    Chantelle Marie
  • ★★★★★
    I love it!
    Kenneth
  • ★★★★★
    I am thankful for the accurate information and good guidance that this site's people have given me.
    Sherrie Driscoll-Lee
  • ★★★★★
    Thanks Kelli for all you do.
    Crystal
  • ★★★★★
    MULTUMESC!
    DOMSA SILVIA SIMONA
  • ★★★★★
    Great Job Kelli, you nailed it. Thank You!
    Elaine
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you Kelli for being so helpful and amazingly accurate with everything that you've sent within every reading you send!... I'm truly grateful and thankful while appreciative for your blessings and look forward to being part of your small circle of protégés, Sincerely yours truly.
    Manuel Jose Ramirez
  • ★★★★★
    I feel whole every time i read here, all the vibrations from top of my head down my legs... i guess that's how the spirit is really excited about it too.
    Auben
  • ★★★★★
    I really appreciate the value of an honest and forthright reading that will also warn of jealousy with passion..great call thank you!!
    sherry R
  • ★★★★★
    Very accurate and precise. Love it 😍
    JJ
  • ★★★★★
    Awesome reads!
    Mark
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli.. you are the first person I wake up to w/ my coffee. More times than I can count. You are SPOT ON... Amazing, now if I could just get you as an astrological fashion designer to help me put together an outfit based on my day ahead.. LoL, but hey??? Thank you Kelli for all you do.
    Michelle
  • ★★
    Kelli Fox dear u r working for humanity regarding light against darkness. God bless and safety to u. Thanks.
    Tahir Abbas Shahid
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you!
    Jacqui
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli is a sincere and inspirational guide to astrology She is so intent on sharing her knowledge and appreciated by so many that follow her.
    Judith Bleiberg
  • ★★★★★
    She's been the most realistic person I have ever met. She's opened my eyes up to so much I've never known. I'm so grateful and thankful for what she's already done for me and mostly because she's not asked me for money or anything other then friendship and that there is amazing. I'm so very blessed to have her come into my life when she did so thank you, Kelli Fox, from my heart and soul Thank you.
    Daecha
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you!
    Y
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you very much for guiding me every day. All your readings are very true and accurate. GOD bless us all, thank you, my dear KELLI.
    Onofre L.Lansangan
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you so much for the energy you put into your work. I listen to your weekly forecasts on youtube and they always come out SO ON POINT! You have helped me open my eyes to how truly connected the world is and how real astrology is.
    Alejandra A.
  • ★★★★★
    I am extremely hopeful of getting benefitted by your rich experience.
    BIJAYA
  • ★★★★★
    I really enjoy reading what you're writing. I'm going to try it out, and tell my friends how good you are. Thank you so very much for the info. Sincerely surprised.
    Robyn
  • ★★★★★
    Awesome!
    April
  • ★★★★★
    The knowledge you share with me has started me on a much needed journey of self discovery. I have been lost in the dark far to long thank for shedding some light I truly appreciate you(💫🥀)
    Angela
  • ★★★★★
    THE BEST!
    DOMSA SILVIA SIMONA
  • ★★★★★
    Amazing has helped me with some changes in my life.
    Divinity
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli, thank you very much for your readings - I am a Virgo (10 H with a stellium) and 9H Leo Stellium - I truly believe that Virgo and my Ascendant, Scorpio, are two of the most misunderstood signs in the zodiac - yes, I am discerning - but I am NOT fussy, a perfectionist or a stickler for organization - I am, perhaps, the most DISORGANIZED person on this planet - as for being critical, if I say anything at all, it's something NICE and constructive - so where is all of this coming from - frankly, I feel much more like a Leo - I can be very dramatic, I am loyal and generous and I have a bit of an ego (my Virgo sun keeps THAT in check, thank goodness - anyway, lest I go from Genesis to Revelation, suffice to say, your readings are spot on and make a great deal of sense and I thank you for all that you do - Warm regards to you!
    Jonathan Yodice
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli, thank you very much for your readings - I am a Virgo (10 H with a stellium) and 9H Leo Stellium - I truly believe that Virgo and my Ascendant, Scorpio, are two of the most misunderstood signs in the zodiac - yes, I am discerning - but I am NOT fussy, a perfectionist or a stickler for organization - I am, perhaps, the most DISORGANIZED person on this planet - as for being critical, if I say anything at all, it's something NICE and constructive - so where is all of this coming from - frankly, I feel much more like a Leo - I can be very dramatic, I am loyal and generous and I have a bit of an ego (my Virgo sun keeps THAT in check, thank goodness - anyway, lest I go from Genesis to Revelation, suffice to say, your readings are spot on and make a great deal of sense and I thank you for all that you do - Warm regards to you!
    Jonathan Yodice
  • ★★★★★
    Kelli, thank you very much for your readings - I am a Virgo (10 H with a stellium) and 9H Leo Stellium - I truly believe that Virgo and my Ascendant, Scorpio, are two of the most misunderstood signs in the zodiac - yes, I am discerning - but I am NOT fussy, a perfectionist or a stickler for organization - I am, perhaps, the most DISORGANIZED person on this planet - as for being critical, if I say anything at all, it's something NICE and constructive - so where is all of this coming from - frankly, I feel much more like a Leo - I can be very dramatic, I am loyal and generous and I have a bit of an ego (my Virgo sun keeps THAT in check, thank goodness - anyway, lest I go from Genesis to Revelation, suffice to say, your readings are spot on and make a great deal of sense and I thank you for all that you do - Warm regards to you!
    Jonathan Yodice
  • ★★★★
    Thank you Kelli for your guidance and support in helping me get on the right path.
    Harry Davis
  • ★★★★★
    I am being transformed every day without much stress. I am receiving my blessings from all the readings concerning my life and future here on earth. Thanks to my Personal Guardian Angel Yehuyah and every other Angel trying to help me regain my future. Although I am not perfect in the internet world and English communications.
    Kester Kachikwu
  • ★★★★★
    Thank you Kelli for your insightful astrology messages! They help me to keep my life focused on what really matters, as well as what I need to be working on to get over hurdles.
    Clare
Share Your appreciation